General Information on Paper Coating

The main reason of coating is to improve the surface quality of paper or board. The excellence improvement can be aimed at optical properties such as brightness, gloss or opacity, at tactile property such as smoothness, but, most importantly, at print-ability and print image value.
imagesThe application of (usually white) pigments to the base paper surface enhances the brightness of the paper. In addition, the opacity increases due to the high light scattering of the pigments. This improves the optical appearance, because the shine through of the back side printing is reduced. Also, the coat layer evens out the surface landscape of the sheet, resulting in an improved smoothness, which in turn gives a better gloss.

The coat layer reduces the diffusion of ink into the paper sheet. Therefore, the ink does not spread as much and the print image is clear and sharp. The print density and the print gloss are enhanced, and the ink insists is reduced compared to uncoated papers.For specialty papers, the coat layer can have functional properties. Examples are the thermo sensitive layer of thermal papers or the capsule containing coat layer of carbonless papers.

The benefits of applying a coating layer become very apparent when comparing paper surfaces with different coatings.coatpapersurface_480 The SEM (scanning electron microscope) micrograph of an 80 gsm wood free base paper shows multiple layers of intersecting fibers. The paper surface is characterized by hills and dales formed by the fiber mesh. The voids between the fibers impair the smoothness and uniformity of the paper surface. The next micrograph shows a percolated paper at the same magnification for comparison.

Paper_CoatingA pre-coating of just 10 gsm per side suffices to cover up the majority of voids and fiber crossings. This helps to smooth and even out the paper surface. Paper surface quality can be further enhanced by the application of a top coat. Coating the paper with another 12 g m–2 per side distinctly enhances the existing pre-coated surface quality, with a number of dominants fiber structures and valleys still remaining visible. Subsequent calendaring achieves an additional quality gain by enhancing smoothness and gloss. The resulting surface is flat, with a minimum of irregularities. An electron microscope picture of a microtome cut from a coated paper sample. In the center of the sheet, the fibers can be seen. The lighter and more densely packed structure on the outside of the paper sheet is the pigments of the coat layers.

coating-impregnating-machines-2The caliper of the coat layer varies according to the changing thickness of the base sheet. The surface is smooth so, by coating, paper and board can be upgraded to a higher quality level with added value.


What is Waterproof Paper?

Waterproof paper, like the word itself, is waterproof. It is designed to repel and stay undamaged by water.Water ProofWhen used in combination with waterproof ink, waterproof paper should in fact be able to survive direct exposure to water without the paper or its contents being altered in any way. Various papers are made exclusively to be waterproof; paper that is not designed to be waterproof can be put through lamination to make it waterproof or at most water resistant. This type of paper is usually used for purposes such as packaging; Waterproof paper is suitable for maps and guidebooks, as many persons use these items outdoors when situation can often be wet and unforeseeable.

There are different ways to make paper waterproof, some by technology, somWater Proofe by coatings and others from synthetic materials (YUPO Synthetic Paper). Some waterproof papers are complete with thick, tightly-bound fibers that avert water from saturating the paper. Such fibers prevent the paper from deteriorating, dissolving, or changing form. Sometimes, coatings of a variety of forms are used to make paper waterproof. Paper can be coated with synthetic materials, such as plastics, which repel water and avert the paper from being spoiled.

Waterproof PaperWaterproof packaging paper is important, as packages often enclose objects which are susceptible to water harm. Most packages that need to be shipped from one position to another are ready out of thick, layered materials, such as cardboard, which can keep away or absorb a great amount of water but still remain useful. A few packages are wrapped and shipped with glossy materials, alike to the coatings placed on some paper that keep away water. It is also vital that labels worn for packaging are printed on waterproof paper. If they were not printed on waterproof paper, they could be cracked or otherwise rendered unreadable if bare to water.

PP Paper MapWaterproof paper is also usually used by folks who need to use paper outdoors. Backpackers and hikers use maps to discover where they are going; the maps need to live some amount of moisture. People in the military also value the durability of waterproof paper, as it can be used in many dissimilar environments. Maps and vital communications can be sent on paper without risk of behind damage because of rain or other sources of moisture. Public who work on boats or near bodies of water also use waterproof paper to decrease the risk of harm from splashing or submersion.